Sent by: Jawid Kohsari
The Following paragraphs
may Learn you how to memorize new words of a foreign Language.
AA: I'm Avi Arditti with
Rosanne Skirble and this week on WORDMASTER -- advice for learning English.
We've gotten a lot of questions on this topic recently -- especially about how
to acquire new vocabulary words.
RS: For some answers, we
turn once again to Lida [LEE-da] Baker who teaches in the American Language
Center at the University of California at Los Angeles. She's written textbooks
for students of English as a foreign or second language.
AA: Here's a typical
question we've gotten. It came via e-mail from a Chinese listener named Frank.
He has this to say: "I'm a self-studying man. I want to know what the best
way is not to forget the words I memorized from the dictionary."
TAPE: CUT ONE -- BAKER
have a little trouble with the word 'memorized,' because 'memorized' makes me
think that what Frank is doing is that he is writing the English words on the
left side of the page and he's putting the Chinese translation on the right
side of the page. That might work for the types of standardized tests that are
given to students in a lot of countries. But if you really want to learn
English vocabulary for the purpose of communicating, then that is not a good
way to study vocabulary."
RS: A better way to
remember new words, Lida Baker says, is to get yourself some index cards -- one
for each new word you're trying to learn. Index cards are small pieces of heavy
AA: This is what she
tells her students: Write the word in English on one side of the card. On the
other side, write enough information -- again, in English -- about that word
until you've learned how to use it in a sentence.
TAPE: CUT TWO --
you would want to write not just a one-word translation from your own language,
but write the English definition too. Write some synonyms in English. Write the
dictionary definition of the word, but also write how you would use the word,
so you want to write whether it's a noun or a verb. Do you use it with 'a' or
'the,' or do you use it without any kind of article? How do you pronounce it? A
dictionary is going to tell you how to pronounce a word, right? So put all that
information on the back of the card."
SKIRBLE: "So what
you're saying is, to put this word into context, so you can remember it."
BAKER: "Right. You
could also write on the back of the card, you could write the sentence that you
originally heard the word in or that you saw the word in. And then you should
try to write an original sentence using the word in a new way."
RS: And, while you're at
it, any time you see that word used somewhere in a sentence, add that sentence
to the back of the card too!
AA: But, as you're doing
all this, be careful. Don't try to learn too many new words too quickly. Lida
Baker says it's important to set a reasonable goal.
TAPE: CUT THREE -- BAKER
doesn't work to try to learn fifty or one-hundred words at one sitting. It's
much more realistic to choose a word a day or two words a day or ten words a
week or fifteen words a week. So you have to start with a realistic goal.
Beyond that, that's where discipline comes in. And the fact that you've written
the words on index cards makes them portable. So while you're sitting on the
bus you can be going through those cards and reviewing those words several
times a day even. And at the end of a week, if you have picked a manageable
goal and you've been reviewing those cards every day, those words are going to
RS: Now, you might be
wondering, once that week is over, what to do with the cards?
TAPE: CUT FOUR -- BAKER
a good idea to have a box that you can put the cards in, and every so often go
back and look at your old cards. Now, another technique that you can use is to
divide those cards into two piles. The ones that you remember and that you can
use, you put those in one pile, but the words that you've forgotten you put
those in a second pile. And, you then go through and review the words that you
put in that second pile, and as you remember the word and are able to use it,
you move it from the pile of words that you don't know into the pile of words
that you know."
AA: Lida Baker teaches
in the American Language Center at the University of California at Los Angeles.
RS: If you have a question,
mail it to us at VOA Wordmaster, Washington DC 20237 USA. You can also reach
Avi and me by e-mail. That address is firstname.lastname@example.org. With Avi Arditti, I'm
نوشته شده در 87/09/07
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